Differences between overweight and obesity

Differences between overweight and obesity

Often these two terms are confusing and we even think that is the same disorder. An obese person is overweight, but is he an obese overweight person? To determine if a person is overweight or obese, experts use a formula called Body Mass Index (BMI). This formula calculates the fat level with respect to weight, height and height. The formula is as follows: IMC = weight (kg) / height (m) 2. That is, first calculate the weight, then measure the height in meters and then pick it up in the square. So you can find out what your BMI is. For example, a person weighing 58 pounds and measuring 1.60 meters can formulate the following formula: IMC = 58 / (1.60 × 1.60), the result being 22 66.

You already know your body mass index now to see according to the World Health Organization (WHO) in which category you are.

WHO weight classification

Here is a chart linking BMI to weight classification:

BMI classification (kg / m2)
underweight <18.50
normal 18.50 - 24.99
overweight 25.00 - 29.99
obesity ≥30,00
Type of obesity I 30.00 - 34.99
Type II obesity 35.00 - 39.99
Type of obesity III ≥40,00
Type of obesity IV> 50
As we have seen, excess weight is immediately after "normal weight". Therefore, the same person we talked about previously with a size of 1.60m and 58kg will be overweight when weighing 65kg. As you can see, in this case, 7 kilograms separate us from the normal weight. The 7 pounds that we take at Christmas and which are combined with the summer ones, those that make us belly etc.

Overweight is a phenomenon that we can easily fight (some easier than others) based on improving our diet and sports. What these kilos tell us is that we eat more calories than we burn. Overweight affects both physical and mental health. Physically, chances of developing high blood pressure and increasing blood sugar and fat while rising in excess. However, from the psychological point of view, this phenomenon will affect us.

The actual canons of beauty, far removed from reality and normality, are very present among us and even more among adolescents. An excessive can make the mirror become our enemy and we do not face our physical appearance. This latter aspect leads to a low self-esteem that can even lead to depression.

When we talk about obesity, we are talking about a chronic disease that refers to body fat levels. As we have seen in the table, obesity is overweight and consists of 3 levels, depending on body fat values. The smallest type is I and the maximum of III. Suppose that the same person of 1.60 meters, in this case to be considered obese, must weigh at least 76 kilograms. We're talking about another 18 pounds. It's no longer a stomach, it's not so easy to lose those pounds just on a balanced diet and a moderate exercise, but it's still vital to lose weight to our health.

The causes that can cause this disease are varied and are never a cause. That is, always combined 2 or 3 factors.

Among the most common causes are: genetics (about 33%), socio-economic factors (at lower levels there is a higher incidence, probably due to events such as the inability to allow a qualitative nutrition), psychological disorders in size, or number of fat cells), physical activity (sedentary lifestyle is the key to this disorder), hormones (diabetes, thyroid etc.), brain damage (in very few cases) and medications (corticosteroids, antidepressants, etc.) The health complications that are related to this disease are countless, but among them we would like to highlight the following: cardiovascular (varicose veins, heart attacks), arteriosclerosis, diabetes, respiratory problems, osteoarticular, digestive, gestational, sexual, neurological. the list just started.

From NatureVia we recommend that you always have the opinion of the professionals before any decision to change diet or aggressive training. These will help you create a healthy diet based on your personal characteristics and we recommend those sports that are most beneficial to you. This article is only for informational purposes.

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